Android 10 assessment: Good at the moment, higher tomorrow


Google will get loads proper in its new replace, however the very best is but to return.

To rejoice the following massive model of Android, Google did the unthinkable: It killed its fanciful dessert-themed launch names and gave its smartphone OS extra standard branding. Say hi there to Android 10.

Not everybody loves the change — it meant I couldn’t devour a whole dessert for our assessment video — nevertheless it speaks to a reasonably dramatic shift in Google’s priorities all the identical. It’s no shock, then, that I might say the identical about Android 10 itself. On the floor, it’s a grab-bag of interface tweaks, usability enhancements, privateness modifications and extra. In some methods, Google is even utilizing this launch to play catch-up with the competitors. Extra broadly, although, Android 10 feels very very similar to a transitional state — an try by Google to put the groundwork for a smartphone future that’s coming in any respect of us quick.

  • Darkish mode appears to be like nice
  • 5G and foldable help are essential
  • Challenge Mainline accelerates essential updates
  • Extra apparent privateness controls are useful
  • Higher for managing notifications
  • It’ll most likely be some time earlier than you get it
  • Some gestures want extra polish
  • Challenge Mainline isn’t enabled for everybody


Android 10 isn’t excellent, nevertheless it builds on a robust basis with useful options like a darkish mode, principally improved gesture navigation, extra nuanced notification controls and higher privateness instruments. It received’t fully reshape the best way you utilize Android, however by re-engineering some key software program updates and including help for foldable units and 5G, this transitional replace is all about paving the best way for tomorrow.

Feel and look

Android is a bit of over ten years previous now, however among the most radical modifications to how you utilize it have solely taken place up to now two. With Android Pie final yr, Google experimented with changing the traditional three-button navigation scheme with only a again button and multi-purpose capsule — you could possibly swipe as much as reveal your whole apps and flick it round to view your just lately used software program. This yr, Google is attempting one thing a bit of completely different.

To view your put in apps, simply swipe up. Swipe up and maintain for a beat to see all of your at present operating apps. You possibly can flick it left and proper throughout the underside of the display to shortly scrub via your open apps. Going again one degree entails swiping on both fringe of the display, and Google Assistant might be activated with a fast flick from the underside left or proper corners. All instructed, these gestures are fairly just like how Apple handles navigation in iOS, simply with just a few further Android-specific thrives.

If that appears like loads, nicely, it’s, and these new gestures are already rubbing some individuals the mistaken method. I don’t thoughts them practically as a lot; in reality, I believe they’re a transparent enchancment over Google’s final try, which all the time felt a bit of half-hearted. (That’s not an enormous shock: Google instructed me at I/O 2019 that Android Pie’s revamped controls had been by no means actually designed to final greater than a yr.) The massive benefit of Google’s modifications right here is that they make sense in a method its earlier gestures simply didn’t — it took me an hour or two to internalize most of those new gestures, in comparison with the times it took when utilizing Android Pie.

To be clear, although, simply because these gestures are higher doesn’t imply they’re excellent. Fairly just a few apps — together with lots designed by Google — characteristic menus which are usually accessible by swiping on the facet of the display. Sound acquainted? It ought to: That’s the identical gesture that now acts as a digital Again button. Sadly, Google’s options to this overlap are inelegant at greatest.

You possibly can swipe the menu open with two fingers, which implies you’ll want two fingers to finish a job that beforehand solely wanted one. You might swipe the again gesture on the opposite facet of the display, however which means lefties might want to perform a little further thumb-stretching. Worst of all, you may plop your finger on the facet of the display till a part of the pane “peeks” into view, at which level you swipe to open it absolutely.

Nothing about this entire “peeking” enterprise is intuitive, and describing the way it works is sort of as annoying as truly doing it. Fortunately, many apps use a normal hamburger menu button along with swiping gestures so that you’ll have the ability to sidestep Google’s kludgey workarounds. And should you actually hate every thing I’ve simply described, you could possibly train the nuclear choice and change again to the traditional three-button management scheme. There’s one thing to be stated for simply going with what .

The opposite apparent change to the Android expertise is the addition of a system-wide darkish mode which, uh, turns every thing darkish. It appears to be like good (particularly should you fiddle round with Android 10’s non-obligatory accent colours) and it’s straightforward on the eyes, however there’s extra to it than that. Darkish mode doesn’t simply flip the system interface black and darkish grey; it’s additionally imagined to act as a common set off that tells different apps to change to their darkish themes.

That’s an important thought, nevertheless it doesn’t fairly work as marketed but. I’ve run into loads of apps that both don’t have well-defined darkish themes but or don’t appropriately change into them, together with many made by Google itself. The hiccups don’t finish there, both: When the darkish theme is enabled and also you begin typing into the Google search bar, the solutions it offers are all displayed as black textual content. On a darkish background. Actually, guys? You’re imagined to be setting the instance right here.Nonetheless, the truth that Google’s darkish theme largely appears to be like nice has been motive sufficient for me to make use of it full-time. It doesn’t damage that darkish mode might assist your cellphone’s battery life. When it’s enabled, you’re going to see quite a lot of black splashed throughout your cellphone’s display — if it’s an AMOLED, which means these darkish elements of the display are fully off. I haven’t seen an enormous distinction in battery life to this point, however that’s most likely as a result of the Pixel 3a XL I’ve accomplished a lot of my testing on lasted for days even earlier than the replace.

Creature comforts

The phrase “Android” conjures visions of one thing inhuman and unyielding, however Google has spent the previous couple of years attempting to make its software program extra considerate. Simply take a look at its Digital Wellbeing instruments should you don’t consider me — they’re meant to offer you extra perception into how and once you use your cellphone, and so they offer you methods to assist curb probably problematic behaviors.

All of final yr’s options can be found right here, so you may view how a lot time you spend utilizing particular apps, and set timers to stop your self from overusing them. Android 10’s new Focus mode feels just like the logical extension of instruments — with it, you may quickly disable sure apps with the flick of a software program change. Truthfully, I find it irresistible. Focus mode’s idea is “nicely, duh” apparent, however has wound up being a complete life-saver anyway. Your mileage may range on that, however I’m most likely probably the most simply distracted individual at Engadget, and I’ll take no matter instruments I can get to repair that.

For those who’re like me and actually wrestle with cellphone self-discipline, Android 10 helps you to create much more stringent limits for your self. Assuming you’re keen to put in a developer model of Chrome within the Play Retailer and perform a little further legwork, you may create timers for the web sites that distract you most continuously. (Alternatively, you could possibly anticipate the requisite options to change into a part of Chrome for Android correct.) This, perhaps greater than anything in Android 10, is what I must be a productive human. In any other case, I simply form of go on extended Wikipedia jags, and abruptly, I’ve misplaced three hours of my life I’ll by no means get again.

Whereas some individuals — perhaps most? — received’t want to withstand distraction as a lot as I do, I’m satisfied that everybody may gain advantage from a greater method to notifications. Google has made some critical progress on this entrance over time, however the modifications to notifications in Android 10 are comparatively minor. Useful, however minor.

This time, you may set some apps to show what are known as “silent notifications” — they’re for apps that you simply nonetheless usually need to concentrate on, however don’t want a full, intrusive notification for. I don’t have to know the precise second when a brand new each day crossword is obtainable, or when a pal checks in at a brand new restaurant on Yelp. It wasn’t lengthy earlier than I set these to silent — that method, all of them get lumped right into a separate part of the notifications tray that I sift via when I’ve time to kill.

Put one other away, the modifications add one other degree of precedence right here; apps that generate silent notifications aren’t ineffective sufficient to be muted fully, however not so essential as to demand instant consideration. Android has wanted this form of center floor for some time now. The actual drawback right here is that the businesses that make these apps presume they deserve our continued consideration when that’s usually simply not true. Till we persuade them in any other case, although, additions like silent notifications will stay sadly mandatory.

In Android 10, you can even do extra with the notifications you do let via. Due to some machine studying magic, notifications include choices for firing off contextually related Good Replies and activating new shortcuts to carry out actions inside different apps.

Let’s say your pal is attempting to coordinate some after-work drinks and texts you the tackle of a close-by bar — Android 10 will acknowledge the tackle and create a shortcut to view the placement utilizing Google Maps. That’s the thought, anyway. The issue strikes when Android acknowledges that an app motion and a few Good Replies would each be related — typically, it really works precisely the best way it’s supposed, and I’m glad for the help. Often although, the notification flashes the app shortcut for only a split-second earlier than displaying Good Replies as an alternative, leaving you out of luck should you truly did wish to use that app. That… doesn’t appear proper.

These are most likely the largest modifications to how we’re meant to work together with Android telephones, however they’re removed from the one ones. Bear in mind how slowly the sharing menu used to pop up in earlier variations of Android? It made the method of sharing a hyperlink or a Google Map location really feel like a wrestle typically, nevertheless it’s noticeably quicker now, and incorporates a candy, Materials Design makeover in addition. You possibly can entry your emergency info and Google Pockets from the facility menu. Android Auto is baked into Android 10, too, so that you don’t want to fret about downloading and conserving a separate app for once you get into your automotive. As all the time, the checklist goes on for miles.

Privateness and safety

It’s straightforward to get wrapped up within the apparent modifications we’ve already mentioned, however Google’s up to date method to gadget privateness right here shouldn’t be missed. In reality, Google did its greatest to ensure you wouldn’t overlook a few of Android 10’s new privateness options.

You probably have a pre-Android 10 cellphone helpful, indulge me for a second and attempt to discover the entire settings that cope with your privateness. I’m speaking app permissions, password visibility, gadget habits monitoring, lock display content material controls, Google location historical past — the works. Significantly, I’ll wait.

Whether or not you managed to seek out all these controls isn’t actually the purpose; the larger drawback is that your search most likely lasted a couple of minutes and took you right into a handful of various submenus. Possibly you had to make use of the Settings app’s search operate to seek out a few of them. That is, briefly, a complete problem. That’s why it feels so essential that inventory Android 10 now has a centralized Privateness part in its gadget settings. App builders and even Google itself have a vested curiosity in harvesting our information, and should you’re tremendous with that, extra energy to you. Lots of people aren’t, although, and having one place to handle your permissions and essential Google information sharing settings makes it a lot simpler to train management over what info you provide, and to whom.

Android 10 can also be extra aggressive about letting when an app tries to determine the place you’re. The second some little bit of third-party software program makes an attempt to entry your gadget’s location, you’ll be requested to if you wish to give it perpetual entry, or restrict that entry solely to when the app is getting used. (That is, for what it’s price, the very same method iOS handles location permissions.) It could possibly really feel a bit of overbearing at instances as a result of this occurs each time a newly put in app first tries to test your location, however the minor annoyance feels nicely price it. Yelp ought to most likely have the ability to see the place you’re, as ought to Citymapper. The second you see some random calculator app attempt to test your location, although, is the second when Google’s method begins to make sense.

And that’s simply the plain stuff. As ordinary, Google made quite a lot of modifications below the hood that assist fortify your privateness, whether or not you’re conscious of them or not. As an example: Android 10 prevents apps from launching within the background and stealing focus from no matter you’re doing. Google additionally revamped the best way it permits third-party software program to entry your gadget’s onboard storage. Apps have all the time been in a position to retailer information in folders that weren’t accessible to different apps; with Google’s new “scoped” storage method, apps can now additionally create folders for user-facing information that you simply don’t want to just accept extra permissions for. And extra importantly, one app can’t entry any of the info created by different apps with out your categorical consent.

The total checklist of privateness enhancements in Android 10 is fairly hefty, however there are just a few extra price shortly calling out. Units operating the brand new software program will use TLS 1.three encryption by default, which mainly simply means quicker, safer connections over the online. And sure gadget identifiers, like MAC addresses, are randomized by default so whoever is on the market listening can’t construct a historical past of what your cellphone is as much as whereas it’s linked to WiFi. Apps can also’t take a look at your cellphone’s IMEI or its serial quantity.

There is yet one more massive privateness and safety change that we have to talk about, although: Challenge Mainline.

A brand new method to updates

Let’s face it: Except you personal a Pixel or a handful of different telephones, you’re going to be ready some time on your Android 10 replace. That sucks, and there’s no straightforward or instant repair, so Google is engaged on a troublesome one.

Challenge Mainline is the corporate’s try to compartmentalize sure low-level bits of Android to allow them to be up to date via the Play Retailer, quite than in a once-in-a-blue-moon replace out of your cellphone’s producer. For now, the parts that may be up to date this manner are fairly arcane, so I received’t spell all of them out right here — nonetheless, Google says that opening up these parts to direct entry will permit for quicker safety bug fixes and the flexibility to enhance its app permissions system over time. That stated, it’s essential to notice that, as a result of Challenge Mainline solely works with 12 system-level parts proper now, these month-to-month Android safety updates aren’t going anyplace but.

A brand new method to updates

Let’s face it: Except you personal a Pixel or a handful of different telephones, you’re going to be ready some time on your Android 10 replace. That sucks, and there’s no straightforward or instant repair, so Google is engaged on a troublesome one.

Challenge Mainline is the corporate’s try to compartmentalize sure low-level bits of Android to allow them to be up to date via the Play Retailer, quite than in a once-in-a-blue-moon replace out of your cellphone’s producer. For now, the parts that may be up to date this manner are fairly arcane, so I received’t spell all of them out right here — nonetheless, Google says that opening up these parts to direct entry will permit for quicker safety bug fixes and the flexibility to enhance its app permissions system over time. That stated, it’s essential to notice that, as a result of Challenge Mainline solely works with 12 system-level parts proper now, these month-to-month Android safety updates aren’t going anyplace but.

Android 10 review

We haven’t seen the total extent of Challenge Mainline in motion but, however in idea, it’s a giant step ahead from the established order. Take into consideration how issues work now: Except one thing is essential sufficient to warrant its personal safety replace, potential fixes are lumped into bigger Android releases. You probably have a Pixel, nice — you’re first in line. Everybody else’s cellphone producer has to adapt their home-brew options to work with these updates and take a look at issues completely to make sure nothing essential will get borked. Then carriers usually conduct in depth testing of their very own. That’s quite a lot of cooks within the kitchen, all standing between you and your new software program.

By beginning to re-package some essential little bits, Google will get to zag on all these individuals and push essential updates more-or-less as they’re prepared. Even higher, Google has stated that it’s going to increase the variety of parts that may be up to date via a Challenge Mainline push. In time, that would imply essential, underlying modifications to Android may very well be delivered a lot quicker than they’re now. The one actual caveat right here is that there’s a superb probability you received’t profit from Challenge Mainline till you get a brand new cellphone — it’s solely mandated on units that ship with Android 10 already put in, so that you is perhaps out of luck should you replace from an earlier model. C’est la vie.

It’s method too early to forecast the tip of the normal Android replace, and the glut of gadget makers Google works with means massive, rare updates will stay the norm for a very long time. Nonetheless, Challenge Mainline represents an enormous change to how Google thinks about and develops Android, so I don’t assume it’s mistaken to hope for substantial change within the long-term.


Talking of long-term, Android 10 is the primary replace to natively help two probably game-changing developments: 5G and foldable units. We’ve already began to see the previous mild up markets world wide, and getting caught up in pace checks (which I’m definitely responsible of typically) is lacking the purpose. 5G is so new that there’s no approach to precisely gauge its worth, particularly because the breathless hype surrounding it’s so pervasive.

For now, although, we all know that Android 10 provides builders clearer entry to community efficiency info, which lets them make higher choices about how their apps ought to run on super-fast connections. For those who’re on 5G, for example, an app might select to ship a video at a a lot increased decision or match you with different avid gamers with low latencies. The contours for Google’s 5G plans are nonetheless fairly powerful to make out, however in contrast to with Apple and iOS, we not less than have a way of how Android is being optimized for it.

At its begin, we thought 2019 may very well be the yr foldables broke into the mainstream. That, uh, hasn’t occurred but. Notable failures and protracted delays imply that, as I write this, there nonetheless isn’t a single foldable cellphone on sale within the US. That may change in time, although, and Android 10 packs essential modifications to make the transition for customers and builders simpler.

Proper out of the gate, Android 10 is designed to accommodate no matter weirdo display format cellphone makers resolve to undertake. It additionally permits for all apps operating in multi-window mode on an even bigger, unfolded display to stay lively — a trick that Samsung discovered for itself with the Galaxy Fold. Google has a full web page of greatest practices for builders rethinking their apps for foldables, so I received’t bore you with all of the nitty-gritty right here. For sure, the truth that Google has already accomplished quite a lot of the heavy lifting right here means the following era of foldable units received’t be practically as janky because it might’ve been.


Android 10 isn’t excellent, however works in progress hardly ever are. Whereas some options want some further polish, the modifications you’ll discover are largely helpful enhancements that strengthen Android’s core expertise. Darkish mode is nice, and so are Google’s makes an attempt to make its many privateness choices simpler to manage. And whereas lots of you received’t see its advantages for some time, Challenge Mainline represents a basic shift in the best way Google truly builds Android, to not point out the best way it will get essential updates. Even so, Android 10 is form of everywhere. For those who obtain this replace in hopes that it’s going to dramatically reshape your time utilizing Android, chances are you’ll be a bit of disenchanted.

What Android 10 actually does, although, is enhance on what’s already there and lay down the groundwork for the massive stuff that comes subsequent. Even higher, we all know the platform will enhance much more earlier than lengthy — Google Assistant goes to change into massively quicker, and options like Reside Caption will make smartphones as an entire extra accessible to the individuals who want them. What we now have at the moment is sweet, however this new model of Android, perhaps greater than some other, is about paving the best way for tomorrow.

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